Wild places sustain and define us; we, in turn, must protect them.
By Jim Scheff, Director, Kentucky Heartwood
Our fight over the Greenwood project came to an underwhelming and, for the most part, disappointing conclusion at the end of October, 2017. Kentucky Heartwood worked for more than three years to see the project turn from a typical timber harvest toward a science-based plan that would support the restoration of relict, fire-adapted open forest communities as well as the recovery of large areas of old-growth. In July 2017, the Forest Service issued their Draft Decision Notice and Finding of No Significant Impact – a preliminary approval of the project. Kentucky Heartwood then filed a detailed, 32 page predecisional objection (a formal administrative objection) detailing a wide range of issues, concerns, and failures in the Forest Service’s analysis. In October, we had a formal meeting with Forest Service officials to seek resolution to the concerns raised in our objection. The meeting was scheduled for two hours but stretched to four hours as we delved deep in to the issues. The meeting was somewhat constructive.
In the end, the Forest Service did agree to some small changes, and made overtures toward more careful planning in the future. While the Forest Service did not agree to go back and actually survey the project area for rare species and communities, they stated that they planned to receive increased training from the Kentucky State Nature Preserves Commission (KSNPC) on how to identify rare communities, would look for rare communities during project implementation, and adjust management accordingly. They also committed to consulting with KSNPC and Kentucky Heartwood in taking a closer look at management opportunities in the 751 Roadsides/Curt Pond Ridge area – a hotspot for Cumberland barrens remnants that are in desperate need of careful, active management, as well as possible remnant barrens sites in the Blue John area.
Another point of resolution that was addressed was the Forest Service’s prior unwillingness to provide clear targets for native versus non-native plantings in 75 wildlife openings covering 222 acres. The Forest Service has now formally clarified that they will manage for 35% in cool season grasses and grains, 20% in native pollinator mixes, and 45% in native grasses. While we would rather see all of the area managed for native vegetation, this is a clear improvement over the current condition and the vague statements made throughout the analysis. With regard to the proposed broadcast spraying of herbicides in wildlife openings, the Forest Service has agreed to apply herbicides only after vegetation has been cut down or is otherwise out of flowering in order to avoid impacts to native pollinators and birds, and to spray no more than 33% of the total acreage in a given year. Again, this is not what we wanted, but it is a meaningful improvement.
These changes are in addition to those that came about between the original 2014 scoping document and publication of the Environmental Assessment in early 2017. Those changes included reducing the amount of logging by about 600 acres (including eliminating logging that was planned at the trailhead to the Three Forks of Beaver Creek overlook) and the elimination of 26 miles of bulldozed firelines.
What is most disappointing, however, is that the Forest Service misrepresented forest conditions in many areas in order to promote logging. Several sites covering hundreds of acres that are now largely open-canopied as a result of the 1999-2002 southern pine beetle outbreak, and which have good floristic indicators of barrens or woodland type communities, will not be managed with fire or
otherwise. Meanwhile, intact, closed-canopy hardwood forests will be cut to “restore” open-canopied and pine forests, with 139 log landings cleared and compacted to facilitate the removal of timber on over 2,000 acres.
Over the coming years we will closely monitor implementation of the project. Some species and forest communities will likely benefit – particularly if the proposed fire management is implemented carefully for appropriate, site-specific ecological responses. However, there will certainly be negative impacts, disruptions, and trade-offs for years to come.
To learn more about the ecology of the Greenwood area and our efforts to affect change on this project, please see our Summer 2016 and Summer 2017 newsletters, as well as our comments and predecisional objection, all of which are available on our website here.
This article was published in the Winter 2018 edition of our Newsletter. Here is a link to our Newsletter archives.
Kentucky Heartwood files in U.S. Court of Appeals to block Kinder Morgan/Tennessee Gas Pipeline conversion project
For Immediate Release, February 6, 2018
Contact: Ryan Talbott, Allegheny Defense Project, (503) 329-9162
Tom Fitzgerald, Kentucky Resources Council, (502) 875 2428
Jim Scheff, Kentucky Heartwood, (859) 334-0602, email@example.com
Groups petition U.S. Court of Appeals in D.C. for review of Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Order Approving “Abandonment” and “Repurposing” of Tennessee Gas Pipeline
Federal agency failed to consider unique safety and environmental hazards posed by conversion of aging natural gas pipeline to transporting hazardous liquids
BEREA, KY – Three environmental groups filed a Petition for Review with the D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals on January 31st asking the Court to review a decision by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) approving the abandonment and repurposing of the Tennessee Gas Pipeline (TGP), owned by energy infrastructure company Kinder Morgan. The petitioning organizations, Kentucky Resources Council, Allegheny Defense Project, and Kentucky Heartwood, argue that the FERC failed to give adequate consideration to the unique safety and environmental risks posed by approving the repurposing of a 24” diameter, 70+ year-old natural gas pipeline for transporting heavier, more volatile natural gas liquids (NGLs).
Natural gas liquids are hydrocarbon byproducts of oil and gas extraction. The “fracking boom” in the Marcellus Shale region of Pennsylvania, Ohio, and West Virginia has created a glut of these materials, which are used in the plastics and other industries. FERC approved the “abandonment in place” of one of Tennessee Gas’ natural gas pipelines; the first step in Kinder Morgan’s plan to reverse the flow in order to transport NGLs to processing and export facilities on the Gulf Coast. The pipeline traverses 6 states and 18 Kentucky counties.
Particular concerns have been raised in Kentucky, with the pipeline passing through populated areas of Richmond in Madison County and Danville and Herrington Lake in Boyle County. Both counties have passed zoning requirements relating to hazardous liquids pipelines in order to have some say in whether or not hazardous liquids pipelines are compatible with existing land uses.
The pipeline also poses risks to the exceptional biodiversity of the Green River upstream and through Mammoth Cave National Park. The river provides habitat for 151 species of fish, with 29 mussel and fish species that are considered imperiled or vulnerable, and 7 listed as endangered under the Endangered Species Act. Unlike natural gas, a portion of the NGLs can leak or spill into surface and groundwater and soil, causing serious and lasting environmental impacts.
The petitioners filed a Request for Rehearing with FERC last October. FERC failed to issue a decision on the Petition for Rehearing, instead issuing a “tolling order,” stating that the request was being reviewed but not decided upon. FERC-issued tolling orders allow pipeline projects to move forward while delaying citizens timely access to judicial review. The Petitioners believe that the failure of FERC to act within the time allowed for a decision on rehearing, set by Congress, made the underlying decision to approve the pipeline abandonment immediately subject to judicial review.
Over the course of FERCs environmental analysis, more than 900 comments were submitted, almost entirely opposed to the project. Among those expressing concern were the Madison County Fiscal Court, the Clark County Fiscal Court, the Boyle County Fiscal Court, the Marion County Fiscal Court, the Barren County Fiscal Court, Kentucky State Senate Majority Whip Jimmy Higdon, the Bluegrass Areas Development District, the Danville-Boyle County Chamber of Commerce, the City of Danville, the Danville Independent School District and Danville Schools Board of Education, and the Rowan County Board of Education.
“The reversal and conversion of this pipeline to transport NGLs will further induce fracking in Pennsylvania, fragmenting our forested watersheds with more roads and well pads,” said Ryan Talbott, executive director of the Allegheny Defense Project. “FERC, however, refused to even consider those impacts before approving Kinder Morgan’s proposal. Such a short-sighted, industry-friendly review may benefit Kinder Morgan’s bottom line but it comes at the expense of Pennsylvanians’ right to clean water and intact forests.”
More information on the fight against the pipeline can be found on our Forest Blog here.
As we wrap up Kentucky Heartwood’s 25th year of working to protect our public lands and native forests, I want to thank each of you for your support of what we do. With your help, Kentucky Heartwood has continued to make a tangible difference in how public lands in Kentucky are managed.
Together we have helped to keep logging levels on national forests lands in the Commonwealth as some of the lowest in the nation. While there are alarming political trends portending an uncertain future, logging on the Daniel Boone National Forest in recent years has hovered around 4 million board feet cut from about 900 acres per year. Though some beautiful forests continue to be logged and roaded, what we see today is a far cry from the peak levels of the 1980’s and 1990’s, which reached 47 million board feet annually. Of 108 national forests with active timber programs in 2017, the Daniel Boone ranked #87 for the volume of timber sold. And Land Between the Lakes ranked #107. Compare these numbers to our neighbors in Missouri. In 2017 the Mark Twain National Forest sold 63 million board feet of timber. The Mark Twain had the 8th largest harvest volume of any national forest in the nation, and ranked an astonishing 4th in timber revenue with more than $8 million in timber receipts. There are no environmental organizations routinely monitoring or working to protect the Mark Twain National Forest. Advocacy matters.
Keeping logging limited on our national forests is important. But logging is not the only – or even most severe – threat to biodiversity and the integrity of our forests. That is why Kentucky Heartwood has worked to expand our programs and reach to make positive impacts across an increasingly broad range of forest-related issues.
The following are some of the things that we were able to do in 2017 because of your support:
We’ll provide more in depth write-ups on these and other topics in our upcoming Winter newsletter. And you can always follow our activities year-round on a variety of platforms, including our website at www.kyheartwood.org, our email alert list (sign up through the website!), on Facebook at www.facebook.com/KentuckyHeartwood, and on Instagram @kentuckyheartwood.
While Kentucky Heartwood continues to grow, we are still a small organization with just four staff employed for a total of 2.5 full-time equivalents. We are fortunate to receive some foundation support, but donations from individuals like yourself are the backbone of our efforts. If you’ve already donated this year, thank you. If you haven’t yet donated, or can send a little extra at this year’s end, we would certainly appreciate it and put it to good use!
Thanks. We’ll see you in the forest.
Jim Scheff, Director
Rare Species and Restoration Take Back Seat to Logging Plans
Kentucky Heartwood has filed a formal administrative objection (“pre-decisional objection”) challenging the approval of the Greenwood Vegetation Management Project on the Daniel Boone National Forest in McCreary and Whitley counties. This project would be the largest timber project on the Daniel Boone in 13 years, and would allow commercial timber harvests on over 2,500 acres of public lands, along with a wide range of other management actions including the construction of 139 log landings, planting of shortleaf pine, herbicide use, and over 10,600 acres of prescribed fire.
The objection focuses on the Forest Service’s unwillingness to focus restoration activities in areas most impacted by the severe southern pine beetle outbreak that lasted from 1999 to 2001. The objection also addresses the agency’s failure to survey for many rare, declining, and threatened species, as well as their lack of adequate consideration in the Environmental Assessment for how management could harm or benefit these species.
“Instead of focusing restoration efforts where they’re most needed, the Forest Service is going where the timber is. This is a case of genuine restoration needs getting sidelined by the Forest Service’s continued emphasis on logging,” said Jim Scheff, Kentucky Heartwood’s Director.
National forest lands in the Greenwood project area are home to a wide range of rare and declining species, as well as unusual, rare natural communities including native grassland remnants, sandstone glades, and Appalachian seeps. Fire suppression and past logging have degraded many of these habitats, and appropriate management could help toward the recovery of some species.
Both Kentucky Heartwood and the Kentucky State Nature Preserves Commission repeatedly requested that the Forest Service survey and manage for state-listed threatened and endangered species, including rare wildflowers like Quill flameflower, Eastern wood lily, Appalachian sandwort, and Eastern silvery aster. The Forest Service asserts that they are not required to survey or manage for these species – a contention that Kentucky Heartwood has challenged in the objection.
“There are real opportunities to get this right. But the Forest Service needs to take a step back and re-evaluate their plans,” said Scheff.
The project also includes 222 acres of broadcast spraying of herbicides in wildlife openings, a matter of particular concern to some area residents.
“There are always trade-offs in land management. But we don’t think it’s acceptable to log thousands of acres of our public lands in the name of restoration, all the while ignoring many of the species and sites most in need of help,” Scheff added.
Kentucky Heartwood was joined in their objection by the Center for Biological Diversity and area residents Elizabeth and Michael Loiacono.
Kentucky Heartwood was founded in 1992, and seeks to protect and restore the integrity, stability, and beauty of Kentucky’s native forests and biotic communities through research, education, advocacy, and community engagement.
The U.S. House of Representatives is currently considering H.R. 2936, the deceitfully-named Resilient Federal Forests Act of 2017. The bill is sponsored by Representative Bruce Westerman of Arkansas, who’s largest campaign donor is the timber industry. The Westerman bill truly represents one of the greatest threats to our public national forests since their inception. If you think our public lands should be more than lawless timber farms for the forest products industry, please read on and then call your member of Congress.
The bill is extensive, and can be read in its entirety and tracked at Congress.gov. Below we summarize some of the most concerning provisions that will directly affect Kentucky’s Daniel Boone National Forest and Land Between the Lakes National Recreation Area.
No environmental reviews for logging projects up to 10,000 acres
The Westerman bill carves out a large number of “Categorical Exclusions” for logging projects on national forest lands. Categorical Exclusions, or "CEs," allow an agency to avoid environmental review under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). What this means is that the Forest Service will be able approve logging projects, including clearcuts, up to 10,000 acres (and up to 30,000 acres in some circumstances) without performing an environmental assessment (EA) or environmental impact statement (EIS) to analyze and disclose the effects of the project. Public notice and opportunities for public input will amount to a single 30-day comment period over an abbreviated proposal that may only provide a few pages of information. And that’s it.
The authorities to use Categorical Exclusions under the Westerman bill are unbelievably broad, and include the purposes of “produce(ing) timber” and “creat(ing) early successional forests for wildlife habitat improvement and other purposes.” Early successional habitat means clearcuts and other similar regeneration harvests. Categorical Exclusions are also granted for a wide range of thinning and salvage projects.
Weakening endangered species protections
The bill does away with requirements under Section 7 of the Endangered Species Act that ensure the Forest Service and Bureau of Land Management consult with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to determine if logging projects will negatively impact threatened and endangered species and designated critical habitat. These are crucial safeguards for protecting our most vulnerable species. In Kentucky this could affect the Indiana bat, Kentucky arrow darter, White fringeless orchid, and at least 24 other federally-listed threatened and endangered species that rely on national forest lands in the state.
Reallocating restoration funds to timber projects
National forest counties currently get financial support through the Secure Rural Schools and Community Self-Determination Act to make up for the fact that national forests do not pay property taxes. Title II of the Secure Rural Schools act provides support for restoration work that improves watersheds and forest health, and currently cannot be spent on timber projects or road construction. On the Daniel Boone NF, Title II funds have been used to support treating hemlocks to save them from the hemlock woolly adelgid, addressing erosion from poorly constructed roads and trails, renovating campgrounds, and building trailhead kiosks. The Westerman bill requires that 50% of the funds currently being allocated to these restoration and recreation projects be allocated instead to projects that include the sale of timber.
Blocking access to the courts
Because of the broad use of Categorical Exclusions under the Westerman bill (which limit opportunities for public input and administrative challenges), going to court may be the only option left to the public for seeking redress. But the law allows the Forest Service to bypass the courts by requiring complaints to go through a binding arbitration process. And if the Forest Service is found to have violated the law (either through judicial review or arbitration), the bill exempts the Forest Service from complying with the Equal Access to Justice Act – meaning that plaintiffs cannot be awarded any attorney’s fees or recuperate other costs if they win. While litigation over timber sales is infrequent, recouping legal costs is often crucial to organizations and attorneys who work to protect our public lands. And it can't be stressed enough that if the Forest Service loses a case in court, it means that they broke the law.
And that’s all just for starters. There are a great deal of other provisions that affect other aspects of national forest management, our national monuments, roadless areas, and other public lands.
You can read another analysis of the bill here.
The Resilient Federal Forests Act of 2017 has already passed committee, and is expected to come up for a full vote in the House after the August recess. It’s not clear how companion legislation will come about in the Senate, but a bill recently introduced in the Senate by Senator John Thune of South Dakota called the "Forest Management Improvement Act of 2017" mirrors some of the provisions of the Westerman bill. The 2018 Farm Bill may also be used as a legislative vehicle for passage in the Senate.
Please call your Congressman today!
You can find your representative's contact information at www.contactingcongress.org. Ask them to oppose H.R. 2936, the Resilient Federal Forests Act of 2017. This bill is bad for our public lands, and it's bad for Kentucky.
12th Annual Kentucky Heartwood Music Festival
Saturday, July 29, 2017
3:00 to 10:00 pm
Rain or Shine
Join Kentucky Heartwood for a one-of-a-kind festival featuring a youth music contest, art exhibitors, children’s activities, a chalk drawing competition, hands-on workshops, a folk dance, and entertainment by original bands Nicholas Penn and Heath & Molly.
We can’t wait to see you at this amazing gathering of people!
Registration fee for the music competition is $10.00 per act.
Admission fee for all others is $7.00 per person; children 12 and under are free. All workshops are free with registration.
Music fest details, workshop schedule, directions, activities here.
Music contest registration is online here.
So far, you have helped us raise $581! We have $1,413 to go to meet our goal of $1,994, which will allows us to pay our increased rent costs and get computers for our staff.
This photo shows a small hemlock tree growing on a nurse log in McCreary county, on the Lick Creek Falls Trail. Nurse logs are fallen decaying trees that other trees grow on. Trees that have grown on nurse logs often have tall roots that look like a cathedral when the tree is large. This happens because the nurse log rots away as the tree grows, leaving tall exposed roots. The nurse log also provides special growing conditions for hemlock seedlings, allowing for a greater chance of survival than if they germinated directly in soil on the forest floor. Our hemlock trees are struggling to survive due to an insect called the hemlock wooly adelgid. Kentucky Heartwood is working to protect our hemlocks in every way we can. Please help us. Be a nurse log and help us continue to grow!
Thanks to everyone who has donated so far! Emily, Tuesday, Peggy, Glenn, Sabin, Eva, Amber, Max, John, Gerry, Daniela , Falcon, Joan, George, James, Ann, Jennifer, Sarah, Nathan, Randall, Kelly, Linda and Amy <3 <3 <3
Our rent is going up and we are in need of two laptops for our staff. $1,994 will cover these costs. Please donate what you can. A donation of over $5 includes a membership in Kentucky Heartwood for you or a friend! Support our work that we've been doing for 25 years (2017 is our 25 year anniversary!). Turn your love of Kentucky's incredible public lands into action, and help us hang on!
Please join us in welcoming Tress La'Ree as our new Administrative Associate! Katie Gardner has been training Tress for the last couple months, and the transition could not have been smoother. These ladies are truly the best!
We are so grateful for the year of service Katie has given to Kentucky Heartwood as Administrative Associate, and we are pleased that she will be joining the Kentucky Heartwood council (our board of directors) again. And, we are incredibly excited for the new energy Tress is bringing to the organization.
Tress will be handling our essential day-to-day tasks, including bookkeeping, filing taxes and paperwork, and communicating with our supporters and donors. Look for her signature when you receive a thank you note from us, as she will be handling your donations from here on out!
Also, today is Tress' birthday! Is it a coincidence that she she shares a birthday with John Muir? While we were working this morning she shared a very moving story about herself - how she, from a young age, has found peace in the forest, and her deep connection with nature. We are so thankful to have someone with her passion, energy and razor sharp mind working with us!
It has been a year since we added the Administrative Associate position to our staff, and the 10 hours a week that Katie, and now Tress, has been contributing has made a huge difference to our ability to work effectively. You may have noticed our social media presence growing, or more information and images being shared that illustrate the importance and beauty of our public lands. This is all because of the work that Katie and Tress are doing, which has freed up other staff time to engage in more outreach and education.
We'll be making a formal appeal soon to raise money for a few expenses, including two new laptop computers that we need to purchase ASAP, as well as additional funds for rent (it looks like our rent is going up by $150 starting next month). So, look for that fundraising message soon, but in the meantime, anything donated starting today will go straight toward these needs. Right now we are looking at a goal of raising a total of $1,994 to cover these costs.
If you support what we do, please make a donation today. What better way could there be to welcome Tress to this position, (and to wish her a happy birthday <3)?
Use this link or the donate button on our Facebook page to chip in.
WELCOME TRESS!!!! We are so glad to have you with us and hopefully we'll be able to afford a new computer for you soon :)
Here's a little bit more of Tress's background:
Tress La'Ree grew up in the Pacific Northwest, with the forest as her playground. She became passionate about protecting our nations’ forest after witnessing widespread clear cutting, without restoration in the 1980’s. After moving to Berea in 2008, she became a member of Kentucky Heartwood and her family became involved in 2010 during the Save Climax and Little Egypt campaign.
Tress lives in Berea, Kentucky with her partner, Jason who is a music instructor. Her cats, Paren and Tucchi and her dog, Hazel keep her company. She spends her time with her friends, natural building, and dancing. She is passionate about her other job as a birth doula and teaching Dancing for Birth™ classes.
Thanks to all of our members for your support which has allowed us to grow, bit by bit, year by year, protecting the lands we love!
Join Kentucky Heartwood at these fun, engaging events:
A GARDEN AFFAIR
At the The Headley-Whitney Museum of Art in Lexington. The event runs Thursday through Sunday April 27-30. Kentucky Heartwood will be there Saturday only.
More information and tickets here:
EARTH DAY CELEBRATION
At the Louisville Zoo. Sunday, April 30, 2017 10:00 am - 5:00 pm
More information and tickets here:
Mark your calendars!
Kentucky Heartwood's Annual Music Fest
is scheduled for
Saturday, July 29
3:00 to 10:00 pm
Rain or Shine
Details will be posted on our website soon.
The following comments on the Greenwood Vegetation Management Project were submitted by Kentucky Heartwood to the Forest Service today. Use the links below to read our comments and associated documents.
Comments on the Greenwood Vegetation Management Project